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By Daryl Williams, Williams Services

Digital terrestrial television has been around in France since 2005, when the TNT (TélévisionNumérique Terrestre) came into service.

TNT offers a minimum of 18 free television channels, including the main existing terrestrial French television channels. By subscription, it is also possible to receive many other channels, including Canal+.

TNT does not give you access to UK television stations, for which you will need to buy and install a satellite dish!

The TNT service is already available to most of the population, although many households have chosen not to take it, preferring instead to remain with the analogue service.

Nevertheless, from the beginning of 2010 the analogue service has gradually been replaced, region by region, and will be switched off definitively by 30 November 2011.

The calendar of implementation by region is as follows:


  • 1st Quarter 2010: Alsace, Basse-Normandie and Lorraine
  • 2nd Quarter 2010: Pays-de-Loire, Champagne-Ardenne, Franche-Comté and Bretagne
  • 3rd Quarter 2010: Poitou-Charentes
  • 4th Quarter 2010: Bourgogne, Centre, Picardie and Nord
  • 1st Quarter 2011: Haute-Normandie, Ile-de-France and Aquitaine
  • 2nd Quarter 2011: Limousin, Côte-d’Azur, Corse and Auvergne
  • 3rd Quarter 2011: Alpes and Rhône
  • 4th Quarter 2011: Midi-Pyrénées, Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence

As a result you will be required to convert or upgrade your television equipment to receive digital signals, either through a new aerial, by satellite, a cable service or through internet broadband.

Those who receive their television service by cable or ADSL need take no action, as they will automatically receive the digital service.

Likewise, those who have a satellite installed to receive French digital television need take no action.

Those who have purchased a new television within the past year or so should also be able to automatically receive the new service, as all standard televisions will have been equipped with an internal receiver. Larger screens and those offering HD may not be equipped, so you need to check if it is 'TNT Intégrée'.

By contrast, everyone else who receives French television through a terrestrial aerial will need to install a TNT decoder on their television.

French TNT is also available in Switzerland with the correct aerial.

Switzerland is now fully switched over to TNT and there are 4 channels available on the frequency. Sometimes two aerials are needed to receive French and Swiss TNT depending on your location and signal quality.

If you have more than one television, then you will need a decoder for each one, unless it is already incorporated in the television.

In some cases, even though you have purchased a television equipped to receive TNT, you may also need to upgrade your terrestrial aerial and cable. You may only be able to find out if you need a replacement cable and aerial by first testing the system. Even if you get a reception, if the picture quality is only poor to average, then you will probably still need to change your aerial and cable.

The decoder is easily installed with a SCART plug and cable that will be supplied with it, which is simply inserted into the sockets in the television and the decoder.

The decoder boxes are widely available, either from an electrical shop, major supermarkets, or on the internet. Prices start from around €45. Prices are higher if you want to receive HD, or you wish to be able to view one programme and record another at the same time.

Financial assistance is available for the purchase of a decoder and/or a new aerial or satellite, subject to a test of resources. Eligible applicants are those who are currently exempt from payment of the television licence and living in zones d’ombre, where signal strength is weak. For this you need to contact the centre d'appel
on 0970 818 818.

Williams Services
077 438 25 08
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